Sinharaja Rain Forest
Sinharaja Forest is one of the world’s tropical wet evergreen forests. It is the only natural World Heritage Site in Sri Lanka. Located in Galle, Matara and Ratnapura districts, Sinharaja Mahawana amounts to 11,187 hectares. This forest which belongs to the Rakwana mountain range is 21 km and the minimum width is 3 km. The highest point is Pitigala Mula (1171 feet). There are four routes to enter the Sinharaja Forest Reserve. These are the Kalawana Weddagala road, the Rakwana Morning Side road, the Hiniduma Neluwa road and the Deniyaya Pallegama road. Rainfall between 3000 to 5000 millimeters annually.
Dwanasil Ella, Brahmana Ella, Uranathun Ella and Kekuna Ella create a number of beautiful waterfalls and feed the Ginganga and Kalu Ganga from the streams of the stream. There are five main lakes in Sinharaja. This includes canopy canopy (this includes the planting of paddy fields, Welipeenne, Kanin, Thiniya, Berileya and Milk cages), sub canopy (consisting of all kinds of plants such as molds, Maloboda, water, Karomo), underlying layer (Madol, Atuketiya (Here are made from plants), a layer separated from the shrub layer (wild boar, pygmy, predecessors), and the plant is distinctly separated as a layer of plant and stem (wild pepper, feldspar) Many plants can be seen in the forest the forest. Among the plants that show a great variety are the features of the mountain forests of Mulawella, Hinapitigala and Morning Side areas. Researchers say that over 75 percent of the endemic plants of the Sinharaja forest have not yet been introduced to the world. Of the 25 endemic plantations of Sri Lanka, 13 are recorded in the Sinharaja.
About 40 mammals, 20 freshwater fish and 65 butter flies are repoted from the Sinharaja forest which plays a vital role in the natural environment in Sri Lanka. People live around the Sinharaja forest have built up their economy from Kithul , vermiculite, nutmeg ,fruits, vegetable oil and resins. It is our duty to protect it as a world Heritage site.